The Dragonlands: Languages

Many languages exist in the world of the Dragonlands. One of the first known languages is Thalman, which bifurcated into Imperial and Aeviri.


Aeviri

An example of Aeviri writing, showing how to indicate ownership.

Aeviri is the language of the aevira, and the language was born out of Thalman, just like Imperial. It has a much sharper sound than Imperial.


Thalman

Thalman is one of the most ancient of languages, and it was this language that over time became Aeviri and Imperial. In ancient times, humans and aevira alike spoke Thalman.

Grammar

Words in Thalman generally follow one set of rules for how they are structured: the noun variant of a word makes up the base; to then make a verb out of it, add "-en"; to make an adjective, add "-an"; and to make it an adverb, add "-ane". For example, the word faer means fire. One can also say faeren, which would basically mean burn, as in to burn. Faeran would be an adjective version, basically meaning flaming, burning, or fiery. However, there are of course many exceptions to this rule. Also, it should be noted that verbs are not distinguished based on who says it (I, you, he, she, it, we, they).

Plural is indicated with an "i" at the end of the word. Faeri means fires. Adding "en-" to the beginning of the word indicates a negative meaning; for example, aktivaae means activate, and enaktivaae means deactivate.

Sentences are basically structured in the same way as Aeviri and Imperial. However, Thalman is simpler and, unless indicating a specific amount of something, like one, two, or three, there is no definite article (the). In Blades in the Dark: Tah Ansenta Mas'plu, Angus Kritz says, "Devaaren bladeni." Directly translated, this would mean, "Devour blades," but in the context, it is understood that it actually means, "Devour the blades."

Possession over something is simply marked with the word af (of) in Thalman. For example, one might say, "The chair is of Patrick Hall." Or one can say, "Chair of Patrick Hall." This means that the chair is owned by Patrick Hall. However, one can also use a possessive pronoun, such as mae for mine: "It is mine," or in thalman, "Et bae mae." While it sounds awkward, one could also say, "It of me."

Tenses are marked by adding a word before the verb. Past tense is marked with pas- connected to the front of the word. Future tense is marked by adding the word futuva before the verb, but not added to it. Basically, futuva means will.

Like how one can add -er or -ee to the end of nouns to show relation to another noun through a verb, like trainer and trainee, one can similarly add -ar or -at in Thalman, the former being the so-called giving noun and the latter being the receiving noun.

Vocabulary

Here are some Thalman words, many of which have appeared in the books. There are many more that haven't been added to the list yet.

Note that where a "W" is used for the Thalman word, the actual spelling is with two of the letter "V". When written with the Imperial alphabet, as it is below, it is usually written as "W" instead of "VV", as the two are basically the same, with the same purpose and sound (very vs. wary).

  • Ae - I, me
  • Af - Of
  • Agema - Ancient
  • Agum - Age
  • Aktivaae [Actee-Va-Ey] - Activate
  • Andae - God, male deity
  • Andalik - Holy
  • Angalika - A female mortal who is likened to an angel.
  • Aparatae - Machine, aparatus, contraption
  • Atae - Home
  • Bae - Be (it is never conjugated; it is the same, regardless of pronoun)
  • Bladen - Blade, sword, knife, dagger
  • Canisae - Dog, wolf
  • Clavae - Claw (noun)
  • Clavaen - Claw, scratch (verb)
  • Cyrus - Friendship, strong bond
    • Cyra - Slang for cyrus
  • Dae - You
  • Devaaren - Devour, eat, consume
  • Diktan - Lord, ruler
  • Don - Do
  • Draak - Demon, devil
  • Dragora - Dragon
  • Enaen - Unite
  • Enaean - United
  • Et - It
  • Evaeni - Late, old
  • Evengardae - Paradise
  • Faer - Fire
  • Faeren - Burn, scorch
  • Faeran - Fiery
  • Faema - Love (noun)
  • Faeman - Love (verb)
  • Fer - Origin
  • Feren - Originate
  • Feran - Original
  • Futuva - Will
  • Gaht - Go, walk, move
  • Gahtae - Run, sprint, move fast
  • Gav - Give
  • Ha - Half
  • Hajgar - Right (drection)
  • Han - He, him
  • Hart - Heart, soul, core (of a person)
  • Hartstradae - Bloodstream, vein, artery
  • Hen - She, her
  • Hirae - Here
  • Ia - In
  • Iatil - Into
  • Invaesen - Invisibility (thought to have originally meant to disappear)
  • Jaar - Year
  • Jaartidum - Season, time of year
  • Jae - Yes
  • Kaote - Destruction
  • Kaoten - Destroy
  • Kraetur - Creature
  • Kuarae - Courage
  • Lajen - Lie (as in to lie down and as in to be situated)
  • Las - Lock
  • Liben - Live
  • Libia - Life
  • Libiawatae - Blood (literally life water)
  • Maat - Against
  • Mae - My, mine
  • Maedae - Your, yours
  • Maehan - His
  • Maehen - Hers
  • Maenicae - Unholy (Maenic worshippers ususally translate this word as holy, rather than unholy)
  • Maet - Its
  • Maeudae - Their, theirs
  • Maevii - Our, ours
  • Magikae - Magic
  • Man - Monster
  • Mandae - Goddess, female deity
  • Miden - Middle, mid
  • Midentas - Midday
  • Nae - No (to decline, to answer negatively)
  • Natae - Not home
  • Ned - Down
  • Nedlas - Lockdown
  • Nonae - None (also means zero)
  • Nu - Now, current, hereby
  • Ock - And
  • Ot - On, upon
  • Pacae - Short distance
  • Passae - Passing, pass
  • Passaen - Pass (verb)
  • Permae - Permission, allowance
  • Permen - Permit, allow
  • Perman - Allowing, permitting (adjective)
  • Port - Door, doorway
  • Puda - Strange, weird
  • Relaas - Release, unleash
  • Sada - Shadow
  • Saetiae - Saber
  • Sata - Soul
  • Satapas - Death
  • Shrad - Shroud
  • Sik - Have, has
  • Skael - Shall
  • Spreck - Conversation, discourse
  • Sprecken - Speak, talk, converse (most often used for an exchange of words, not uttering words)
  • Stett - Stand
  • Stradae - Stream
  • Taend - Tooth
  • Tarantae - Tyrant
  • Tas - Day
  • Thal - Speech
  • Thalen - Speak, talk (used for uttering words, whereas sprecken is often used to indicate an exchange of words)
  • Tidum - Time
  • Til - To (preposition)
  • Tsa - To (infinitive)
  • Tra - Through
  • Tula - Fortune, luck
  • Udae - They, them
  • Uphaar - Cease, stop
  • Van - One (referring to person)
  • Vanstar - Left (direction)
  • Verlen - World, the world
  • Vert - Word
  • Vii - We, us
  • Viljae - Will (noun), bidding
  • Watae - Water